Everything you need to know about Adelaide’s seadragons
Tuesday 06 December 2022 | 3 min read
Adelaide’s weather is warming up and now is the perfect time to learn about a cool underwater local. Read on to find out everything you need to know about seadragons.
Do seadragons exist?
If you type ‘seadragons’ into Google one the first things to come up is the question ‘do seadragons exist?’
A seadragon may seem like a mythical creature, but Adelaide actually has two types of them:
leafy seadragon (Phycodurus eques) – also South Australia’s official marine emblem
weedy seadragon (Phyllopteryx taeniolatus).
Are seadragons the same as seahorses?
Seadragons and seahorses are not the same thing but they are close fish relatives.
Tube-snouted mouths that allow them to suck up their food.
Bony plates surrounding their bodies, instead of scales like most fish.
Being part of the fish family called Syngnathidae.
An interesting difference:
Seadragon dads carry eggs under their tail. Whereas seahorse dads carry their eggs in a pocket on their belly.
Where do seadragons live?
Seadragons live in rocky reefs, seagrass meadows and sometimes under jetties.
How do seadragons reproduce?
The leafy seadragon breeding season runs from around October through to January. During their breeding ritual, the female moves her eggs to cup-like structures under the male’s tail, where they are fertilised and are then carried until they hatch.